The Physical Fitness and Health Impact of Personnel With Mental Health Disorders Who Exercise On A Weekly Basis

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April 17, 2022

Abstract

Introduction

Mental health disorders range from depression, phobias, social anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), to name a few (Kendrick et al., 2011). Depression, a mental health disorder, is the “leading cause of disability in the United States” (Craft & Perna, 2004). Many research has shown that physical fitness and health impacts have impacted persons with mental health disorders (Craft & Perna, 2004). Moreover, several findings have concluded that regular physical activity has reduced feelings of anxiety and depression (Buckworth et al., 2013). Up to 12% of the adult population have a form of mental health disorder (Stanescu & Vasile, 2014).

As the world population grows, so will the number of those who experience mental health disorders. There is no lack of research on physical fitness and health impacts on those with mental health disorders. However, the number of those who come to a consensus on positive or negative impacts of physical fitness and health impacts on those with mental health disorders is small because of research methods.

That is why it is critical that an overall consensus or some form of standardization be implemented on combating mental health disorders via physical fitness. This paper will work to outline the impacts of physical fitness and health impacts on those with mental health disorders with an in depth analysis on literature regarding the subject.

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to determine the physical fitness and health impact of personnel with mental health disorders who exercise on a weekly basis. This literature review will examine the background of personnel with mental health disorders who complete a weekly exercise, determine the purpose of personnel with mental health disorders who complete a weekly physical activity, and identify the physical fitness and healthy advantage and disadvantages of personnel with mental health disorders who complete the weekly exercise.

This literature review will answer the following questions: 1. It will examine the background of personnel with mental health disorders who complete the weekly exercise with the intention of adding context to what defines mental health disorders so that the reader has a clear understanding of mental health. Along with the explanation for mental health disorders, the research will identify who exactly with mental health disorders are taking part in completing exercise and, more specifically, weekly exercise. 2. To include determine the purpose of personnel with mental health disorders who complete weekly physical activity. In answering this question, the purpose is to identify what personnel with mental health disorders complete regular weekly exercise. As well as identify if there is any correlation between a specific mental health disorder and physical activity. 3. Lastly, identify the physical fitness and health advantages and disadvantages of personnel with mental health disorders who complete weekly exercise. To include, are there any advantages or disadvantages to those personnel with mental health disorders who are healthy and complete physical fitness?

Background

When mental health or mental health disorder come up, no one thinks about mental hygiene. Before mental health was defined, the only definition regarding anything to do with the wellness of ones mental status was associated with the term mental hygiene (Bertolote, 2008). Mental hygiene included the term mental health in it describing it as a condition (Bertolote, 2008). It was not until later that the WHO (World Health Organization) later recognized mental health as separate from mental hygiene and with respect to mental health gave it its own definition (Bertolote, 2008).

According to the APA (American Psychiatric Association) health and illness

References

Anxiety disorders: Types, causes, symptoms & treatments. Cleveland Clinic. (2020, December 17). Retrieved March 25, 2022, from https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9536-anxiety-disorders#:~:text=Anxiety%20disorders%20are%20a%20type,medications%20and%20cognitive%20behavioral%20therapy.

Bertolote J. (2008). The roots of the concept of mental health. World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)7(2), 113–116. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2051-5545.2008.tb00172.x

Buckworth, J., Dishman, R. K., & Tomporowski, P. D. (2013). Exercise psychology (Second Edition). Human Kinetics.

Byrne, A. & Byrne, D.G. ( 1993), ‘The Effect of Exercise on Depression, Anxiety and Other Mood States: A Review’, In Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol.37

Craft, L. L., & Perna, F. M. (2004). The benefits of exercise for the clinically depressed. Primary care companion to the Journal of clinical psychiatry. Retrieved March 27, 2022, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC474733/

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (Fifth Edition). SAGE Publications, Inc.

Davidson, C. L., Babson, K. A., Bonn-Miller, M. O., Souter, T., & Vannoy, S. (2013). The Impact of Exercise on Suicide Risk: Examining Pathways through Depression, PTSD, and Sleep in an Inpatient Sample of Veterans. University of Massachusetts Boston. Retrieved March 28, 2022, from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/sltb.12014

Deslandes, A. C., Moraes, H., Ferreira, C., Veiga, H., Silveira, H., Mouta, R., Pompeu, F. A. M. S., Coutinho, E. S. F., & Laks, J. (2009, August). Exercise and mental health: Many reasons to move. Neuropsychobiology. Retrieved March 27, 2022, from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19521110/

Jones, D. E., Park, J. S., Gamby, K., Bigelow, T. M., Mersha, T. B., & Folger, A. T. (2021). Mental Health Epigenetics: A Primer with Implications for Counselors. The Professional Counselor. Retrieved March 28, 2022, from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1295483.pdf

Kendrick, T., Pilling, S., Bessant, M., Burd, M., Cohen, A., Compitus, B., Dimas, L., Dumonteil, B., Gask, L., Gibbon, L., Gilbody, S., Kaminski, F., Lambrelli, D., Lewis, T., Palma, F., Ridd, M., Salter, C., Sealey, C., Shafran, R., … Whittington, C. (2011). Common mental health disorders: The Nice guideline on identification and pathways to care. British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

Stanescu, M., & Vasile, L. (2014). Using Physical Exercises to Improve Mental Health. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. Retrieved March 27, 2022, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/procedia-social-and-behavioral-sciences/vol/146/suppl/C

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