First of all, you may not use personal examples. No essay you write for me will be personal.
Write a well-developed, multi-paragraphed essay with at least six to eight (6-8) paragraphs. Essay should be at least 3 – 4 pages.
Use the two sources. One (1) article must come from our databases. The other article may also come from the databases or may be found on the web. Finally, if you would like to add a third source, you may. No more than three sources may be used. Our papers are too short for four or more sources.
Essay must have a counterargument. Use the handbook, your text, or go to Announcements to read more about counterarguments under the posting, “Counterarguments.”
Include a Works Cited page. The Works Cited page should be on its own page on either page 4 or page 5. (If you choose to quote from a short story, follow MLA Chapter 57b: Entry #27 in your handbook.)
Save the Works Cited page with the essay, not as a separate file.
In the introduction (paragraph #1): Briefly introduce the issue. If using the prompt on the influences of music or movies, remember that movie titles are italicized, and song tiles are in quotation marks. Album titles are italicized.
Also in the introduction, include a clear thesis statement in your introduction. Secondary sources should not be mentioned in the introduction, in the thesis statement, nor should they be mentioned in the first sentence of a paragraph. Begin with your voice, your point. Secondary sources support. The thesis statement should not be a question.
Use your handbook Chapters 55, 56, and 57a for help in incorporating/integrating quotes correctly, citing quotes correctly, and punctuating quotes correctly. Review chapter 38 to use quotation marks correctly. Review graded rubric from postings–if you chose to quote.
Incorporate at least four direct quotes from the secondary sources. The combination may be two quotes from each secondary source, but it may also be three and one. (Direct quotes are using quotation marks because you have taken information word-for-word from the source. There are a couple of places where you can find out about direct quotes. In your handbook, you can go to 56b on p. 388 for the definition. Also, 56c on page 395, “Marking Boundaries,” you have an example of how to use a quotation with a signal phrase–just make sure you do not make the serious error of dropping a quote. On page 397, in the chart look at “Presenting Direct Quotations.”)
Quoting from the primary work (the assigned readings from the text) is allowed, but those quotes do not count as required researched secondary sources.
Do not use long quotations. A long quotation is a quote that is more than four typed lines. Long quotes require block quoting, and the essay is too short to include block quotes. To see an example of a long quote, please go to chapter 38a in your handbook.
Do not begin a paragraph with a quote. Begin with your voice–your point.
Do not end a paragraph with a quote. End with your voice explaining your concluding point.
Do not quote back-to-back.
Avoid “dropped” quotes. Review 56c, “Marking Boundaries,” in your handbook to avoid dropped quotes and for help in incorporating/integrating quotes correctly, citing quotes correctly, and punctuating quotes correctly.
Use author’s last name–after establishing credentials the first time secondary source is used. In other words, the first time you introduce the source, you should mention first and last name and credentials. After that, the source’s last name may be used. Read “Establishing Authority” in your handbook chapter 56c pages 395-396.
Concluding paragraph should be paragraph #6, #7, or #8 of the essay. You are moving away from writing five paragraph essays. (Read “Structuring Your Argument: Beyond the Five-Paragraph Essay” on pages 30-31 in your Arguing about Literature text.)
Follow correct MLA: Refer to the MLA 9th edition REQUIRED module and also review the syllabus for the information and spelling needed: heading, header, Times New Roman 12 point font, double spaced throughout, Works Cited page. Follow essay format found in chapter 58b in your handbook –with the following exception: spell out “English”– and know your section. If the heading and header do not look how I expect it, you are showing me that you are not paying close enough attention to my requirements or have not watched the videos in the MLA module.
Audience: Your instructor and your classmates.
Do not use “I” (“we” “our”) or any form of “you,” “your,” or “you’re.” Do not use any form of “you” or “I”—unless in a quote. Bottom Line: Do not use first or second person.
Do not use contractions—unless in a quote.
Do not ask questions in the essay. (No rhetorical questions.)
No announcements or commandments: My essay will show (making an announcement) or Imagine going (commandment using the understood “you” as the subject).
Comprehend work!
Grammar—be careful of major grammatical errors: run-ons, fragments, agreement errors, and comma splices. Chapters 19, 20, and 22.
**Word choices. Use descriptive word choices and avoid “fuzzy” words like very, really, always, nice, a lot, thing, big, good, and bad. Chapters 16, 17, and 18 in handbook.
Use active, vivid verbs.
Purpose: to inform, to entertain, and to persuade.
Need a creative, original title.
Essays need to be uploaded in Canvas so that Canvas can use the plagiarism-checking tool. Thus, do not e-mail me essays as attachments. For more information about Turnitin, go to the syllabus.
VERY IMPORTANT! TURNITIN does NOT allow re-submissions, so please make sure the correct, completed essay (including Works Cited page) is uploaded the first time in Canvas. Make sure–check and double-check–the correct file is uploaded. No excuse will be accepted. I will grade the file uploaded.
Refer to syllabus for late essay policy.
A final note: Sometimes students ask me if they can use more sources. Here is my response: The most sources you may have is three. Any more than three, the essay reads like a research paper instead of an argument. Secondary sources are to support your argument. This essay is not just an informative paper.
“Maintain a Critical Focus”: “The topic sentences (usually the first one of each paragraph in the body of the paper) should be critical observations supporting or relating to your thesis.” The topic sentence should not mention the secondary source. Set up points from the thesis in the topic sentences. If you begin with the source, you may fall into the trap of summarizing the article and not arguing a point

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